In the traditional mnemonic PaRDeS, P’shat refers to a simple, surface meaning in which materials are straight-forward, explicitly articulating what they wish to teach you. In the context of our Kaplanian educational resources, examples of P’shat resources are those that try to directly teach or apply a Kaplanian idea.
For example, structuring a curriculum in a civilizational way, layering one civilization upon the other as they trace the evolution of key Jewish ideas and practices. Another example would be explicitly teaching a non-supernatural understanding of God.
* Thank you to Reconstructing Judaism for graciously permitting the Kaplan Center to share these resources.