• Mordecai M. Kaplan (1881-1983) was one of the most influential Jewish thinkers of the 20th century.  We believe that his thought may be even more important in the 21st century.

A Kaplanian Report Card

In his chapter on Jewish education in Judaism as a Civilization, Mordecai Kaplan lays out his vision of what a successful Jewish education might look like. In this Kaplanian Report Card, we have tried to simplify his language and capture the core of each his concerns. We think Kaplan's broad vision of Jewish education can serve as a useful mirror to assess to assess Jewish education in the 21st century.    

Of course we are using “Report Card” as a kind of hyperbole or metaphor. We are rather sure that the qualities that account for a fully realized dynamic vision of Jewish education cannot be “graded." Ideas like Kedusha (holiness), Amiut (peoplehood), Tzionut (Zionism), and Tikkun Olam (world transformation) defy easy benchmarking.    

Over the years, however, the Kaplanian Report Card has created much conversation for both Reconstructionist and non-Reconstructionist educators. We encourage educators to use this tool to assess the goals and efficacy of Jewish educational programs. 

Kaplan was highly conversant with the educational philosophies of John Dewey. This linkage suggests two different ways to use this resource. Dewey was very aware that educational evaluation was inevitably two processes, in creative, dialectical tension with one another. The Latin etymology of to “value” something hints at these two processes. Read one way evaluate means to “prize.” Read a second way, it can mean to “measure against some higher standard."

Your education committee or synagogue board could benefit from either of these processes. To “prize” would mean to follow the lead of the folks at Case Western Reserve University who pioneered the various methodologies of “appreciative inquiry.” It is critically important to appreciate a community’s educational strengths, to value successes. Naming these achievements can help any governing body feel more positive about their educational work. It can also provide the building blocks for future growth.

“Evaluate” also means to hold to a higher standard. In regard to each of the five arenas noted in Kaplan’s chapter on education in Judaism as a Civilization, there is room for improvement and creative growth. Noting these arenas of challenge and positive growth can provide a road map for specific initiatives the community might launch during the coming year. The mantra of the Mandel Foundation over the last several decades is very helpful in relationship to these imagined possibilities: “Think Big and Act Small” in the initial stages of the work.

Use this PowerPoint to channel your inner Mordecai Kaplan in expressing delight, concern, or rage about the contemporary state of Jewish education.  

The Report Card

Based on the criteria for a successful Jewish education suggested by Mordecai Kaplan in his chapter on Jewish education in Judaism as a Civilization (1934).


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